An emergence and convergence of media.

 Publishing from the first published works (distributed writings)
in cuniform to the current eBooks and electronic publishing platform and formats.

The definition of publishing has changed little over time though  the production and delivery  format adjusts to new processes.

What is a good cross-era definition for the act of publishing? What are the 
communication elements unique to the act and art of publishing? The
Media History Project is an excellent briefly stated academic source to peg where 
publishing began and what events have accelerated its evolution  into the media it is today.  

Starting points in early history are best accepted as approximate for the beginnings of publishing. A brief Timeline helps to build a focused perspective, which is found at the Media History Project site, or click on the first Timeline reference at the beginning of this sentence.

"publishing." Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc., December 23, 2012. ( as "activities or business of a publisher" which includes the making of "books or periodicals". Its original use began between 1375 and 1425; and, late Middle English (gerund).

What is the difference between publishing and written copies of a creative work?

Wikipedia describes "publishing" as "the process of production and dissemination of literaturemusic, or informationthe activity of making information available to general public." 

Britannica states that it is the organization of written and eventually printed matter; but more specifically it is "an account of the selection, preparation, and marketing of printed matter from its origins in ancient times to the present."

When did electronic publishing first begin to transition as an information distribution tool?

See The Atlantic Monthly's article from 1945 at Journal of Electronic Publishing, from the February 1995 issue.

What forms have publishing taken over its long history anyway?

Some insight regarding the numerous anchor points of historical dating on publishing that originated from drama performances in ancient times. 

Other perspectives include: "the embodiment of mass media" historically. Wikipedia has some appealingly great information on the historical components of publishing which started as a precursor to mass media as we know it now.

MediaHeads "Must See" websites for navigating the Publishing space quickly as to  the changing delivery processes and methods.

FlipBuilder - An engaging software product that claims to create "life like page-flipping" eBooks, which includes Flash; video, audio and other features. Perfect to get your manuscript off the ground and into your target audiences hands to read.

WordPress - Great publishing tool of the 20th and 21st Century. This is a
MediaHeads recommended tool for website buids and deployment or for online publishing at the cutting edge.

Blogger - Google's online publishing tool that is high quality, versitile and is widely used. Google is shrewd because they link to their other relevant online tools and services, such as Google+. Also gets a MediaHeads recommenda-
tion for sheer brilliance in web architecture.

  Newspapers from the foundation and beginnings to the current  platforms, formats and feed resources.

Rand Media Group - Has a compelling argument as to why 'Mainstream Media' is important and relevant even in the 'New Media' Age'; when everything is changing and marching to the sounds of "a different drummer", as Henry David Thoreau once posited so aptly.

MIT Technology Review - The 'highlight' is in one of their articles entitled "Old Media, Digitized, Make New Forms" which makes quite the case for how computers are changing the creative landscape. However, no mention is made as to what happens in an energy challenged environment where electricity use expands without capacity. Obviously, everyone has a generator, right? Perhaps a new area of need is for self perpetuating energy sources to assure creative and technological advances.

MediaHeads endorses this MIT offering because it supports all aspects of innovative entrepreneurship.

Servant of Chaos - An interesting Blog from 'down under' that is slightly irreverent and humorous in its view. We should be so lucky up here in our 'up over' part of the 'world' to provide such levity.

Newspapers-dot-com - Is a global, or should we say planetary, guide for newspapers the world over - no exceptions.

New York Times - When the current news, including social and cultural happenings, are important then this is the source many have and do turn to historically.

Los Angeles Times - The 'left' coast's source for news, culture and social happenings with an international and regional focal point of view.

+ The Wall Street Journal - A historical source of financial news. it has evolved into a mere media holding within a huge media empire. It is a publication in the middle of great change trying to remain the pillar it is historically assessed at.

FT Financial Times - An EU mainstay of financial news as well as happenings on the Continent and around the World, responsibly.

Barron's - A great historical financial tome that has merged with another once rival to become something of an unknown measure.

Washington Post - A company of unexpected diversity. Its holdings include broadcasting, educational entities such as Kaplan test prep as well as cable and other business investment ventures.

Chicago Tribune - The Midwest's news and information powerhouse. From a strong regional presence to a unique International view on present events.

+ International Herald Tribune - Global views reported to an International audience from the New York Times. It is what the Ex-Pat's read sometimes, beyond their local tabloid.

USA Today - A Gannett publication providing an alternative to their competition for US and international news, weather, entertainment, finance, and other relevant current events.

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  Books, Publishers, from the origins, purposes, beginnings and sources to the unusual and the over looked nuances.
+ Amazon - Is one of the leading marketplaces on the web for buying and selling books, magazines and other products as they expand. In the book venue they have survived as the online superstore.

+ Barnes & Noble - From buying and selling, to electronic readers they are keeping up with the online Jones'; Amazon who else? In the online book wars of the last 10 years or so they are surely a survivor.

Random House- A specialty publisher that is not random in any way. Their offerings include business, education, mystery, biography and even religion to name a few of their areas covered.

Harper Collins Publishers - Publishers of the top authors in diverse areas of subject matter; from poetry to business to romance and science they can be considered well read, to pun their breadth and depth in publishing.

+ Doubleday Publishing - Is the publishing home of John Grisham and an appendage of Random House. Originally they stood alone but of late joined  together to become stronger and more viable.

Publishers Global - A great single point of information that covers the happenings of publishers the world over, including news, events and a directory.

John Wiley & Sons, Inc. - The leader in Scientific, Technical, Medical and Scholarly (STMS) business content serves the scholarly and scientific venues at the highest possible level. This direct source combines the top innovators in each and every category they cover.

Penguin Group - Publisher's of four Nobel Peace Prize Laureates, including the Dalai Lama, Al Gore, Nelson Mandela and Aung San Suu Kyi. What else can MediaHeads say about this publisher, nothing.

The McGraw Hill Companies - Organized in 1888, The McGraw-Hill Companies is a leading publisher of financial information and education content.  Key content brandings are Standard & Poor's Ratings Services, S&P Dow Jones Indices, S&P Capital IQ, McGraw-Hill Education, Platts energy data and J.D. Power and Associates.

Oxford University Press - As a department within the University of Oxford, the Oxford University Press continually strives to further the overall objective of the University's excellence in research, scholarship, and education through publishing on a global.

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt -  A traditional book publisher transformed into a  new look that is different, but the HMH brand now reflects a transformation from a materials provider to include partnering the promotion of lifelong learning. The appeal now is to students and their families, as well as teachers and administrators, embracing colleagues, and friends, all striving to launch  new curiosities in everyone.

Harvard University Press - In terms of a collegiate and academic press Harvard's name alone is beyond reproach. Founded in 1913, Harvard University Press is not the first academic publisher, but surely they are one of the best.

Columbia University Press - The 'Press' purports to be the fourth longest standing university publishing press in the U.S., chartered to "promote the study of economic, historical, literary, scientific and other subjects and to promote and encourage the publication of literary works embodying original research in such subjects." to quote them directly.

Pearson - An academic and educational publisher catering to the scholastic and learning marketplaces. Pearson covers publishing needs from the early years in the learning experience into the realm of higher education. Find out about their "award-winning Schoolnet suite of data-driven education software..." that "is the only unified solution to align student assessment, curriculum and instruction."

Acme Bookbinding - A traditional bookbinder from the Boston area of Charlestown, on the north bank of the Charles River. Acme traces its roots to 1821 with the J. G. Roberts Company. Their services and processes include digital formats and traditional bindery products and services. Clearly worth visiting.

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